1969 cont.

The Site of Platoís Atlantis, By N. Th. Zhirov

There are many theories as to the exact situation of the Atlantis of Plato but to my mind there is only one which really corresponds to the story and that is the Mid Atlantic Ridge with the abyssal plain to the East of the Azores stretching past St. Peter and Paul rocks, and the Romanche Zone to the Island of Ascension. However it may be taken the Southern portion, i.e. below the Romanche Fracture Zone probably sank much earlier than the Northern one and, therefore, had no direct contact with the Atlantis of Plato. The main characteristic of the Mid Atlantic Ridge is the terraced slopes of the Mountains and the Central valley stretching all the way down the spine, this valley which starts at a point midway between Landís End and Baffin Island, has an average depth of 4 klm. And a width of up to 40 klm. In some parts of the South Atlantic Ridge there are two valleys in parallel. American Scientists think the valleys have a tectonic origin but there is always the possibility that they might arise as folds in the earthís crust. Between the Krylov Seamount, to the west of the Cape Verde Islands and the Romanche Fracture Zone, there are sixteen or more fractures each involving a lateral displacement of up to 150 miles, indicating the tremendous nature of the stresses undergone. The Romanche Fracture involves an East to West displacement of over 500 miles. American scientists have suggested that these displacements are an unique feature of the ridge but it has not been found possible to confirm this. The whole way down the Ridge, the dorsal vertebrae of Atlantis, the Central Valley is paralleled by series of terraces on both flanks, stretching for 500 miles and more on each side. The celebrated geologist Professor Klenov considers that these terraces are not only characteristic of the chain but of the Atlantic Ocean in general. American Oceanographers do not like to term them terraces and give them a different name. I would subdivide the Atlantis of Plato into several provinces. The first is between the Faraday Seamount, about 51í N, passing through the Azores, to level with the Great Meteor Tablemount, about 30í N. This portion was Posedonis. To the South of this between the Seirra Leon Rise and St. Peter and Paul rocks, we have the narrowest portion of the Ridge, which I have named Attalia (the Seirra Leon tribal name). South of this the whole ridge is displaced some 750 miles to the East at the Romanche Fracture and continues South via Ascension Island to Tristan da Cunha Island. The Soviet Geologist, Lavrov, considers this section to have been completely detached and names it the Equatorial Archipelago. If, as we suppose, the Atlantis of Plato really existed in the North Atlantic, it should have had a great influence on the continents situated on both sides. Not only would the Ocean currents have been different but also the flora and fauna. At the time of the last glaciation in the extreme North Atlantic there existed the Hyperborean Continent, uniting Greenland, Iceland and the Faroes. The problem of the localization of the Atlantis of Plato rests on two fundamental assumptions:

That the sinking of the sub aerial mountain chain occurred during a short geological period, and that it occurred during the last 20,000 to 30,000 years or even less. What is more the morphology of the Ridge shows the presence of rows of terraces and proves that there were periodical submersions but not corresponding elevations, this is basic. It is necessary to show that the Plateau of the Azores and the upper portion of the Ridge, were sub aerial-i.e. above the surface of the water at the time.

The following hypothetical questions make clear the points raised:

  1. Why is it that the abyssal plain situated near the Equatorial portion of the Rdige and having a depth of over 7 klm. Is unique in oceans by reason of its distance from both any continent or any isle?
  2. Why is it that on the Eastern slope the layer of sediments is thicker and wider than on the Western slope?
  3. Why is it that on the East of the Ridge boulders and rocky material and sand, all characteristic of icebergs are to be found, while on the West the debris are soley of Oceanic origin.
  4. Why is it that rocks and iceborn debris are to be found on the latitude of Morocco and Egypt as also to the East of Terceria and Santa Maria in the Azores.
  5. Why is it that according to communication from Senhor Machado, the Portuguese geologist, only the islands of Flores and Corvo in the Azores show traces of Glaciation?
  6. The two islands of Flores and Corvo never have snow on their mountains. Does this not indicate a submersion of the islands near the Ridge?
  7. Would icebergs have been able to float across the warm current of the Gulf Stream, from New Foundland to the Canaries, if the direction of the current was the same as it is now?
  8. Why is it that formaniferia are to be found in areas of the ocean where they did not exist thousands of years ago?
  9. Why is it that in the Eastern waters one finds traces of cold enduring fromaniferia thousands of years ago while in the Western waters of the N. Atlantic there are traces of different species requiring warmth?

In conclusion some words on the implications of what has been said above. The final submersion took place at a time when man was present. Fifty years ago the geologist Pierre Termier drew attention to the fact that a chunk of lava dredged up by a cable ship to the North of the Azores had been formed by contact with air about 15,000 years ago. Above all it should be remarked that ten to twelve thousand years ago the North Atlantic region was an important volcanic area, as has been proved by the presence of cinders in deep water sediments. This dating corresponds with the tectonic and volcanic explosions noted in France, Germany, the Carpathians, the Caucases and other places. The penetration of the warm waters of the Gulf Stream into the Arctic took place about 10,000 years ago, the appearance of formanifora adapted to warm water existence took place at the same time. The short duration of their stay shows that there were major disturbances. At this time the waters of the North Atlantic were becoming warmer. The continuous retreat of the glaciers in Scandinavia began then, while the Bolling and Allerod phase of warmer climate had begun somewhat earlier. The "Subaerialnoste" of the underwater water mountain of the Atlantic crowned the "Sea Biscuite" dates back to 12,000 years. As will be realized the data relating to the Ridge and its sinking are neither numerous nor direct, but the above mentioned facts show an astonishing correspondence with the traditional data of the sinking in the Atlantic of the Atlantis of Plato." E. Sykes

1969 ends and now the 1970ís Journals begin this is the last stretch of Egerton Sykes Journals of the Atlantis Research Journals.

Atlantis On The Rise?, Ocean Science News 3/14/69

Duke Universityís R/V Eastward has just brought up Granitic rocks on its last three month cruise which

Prove that a continent is either coming up or going down in the south Caribbean. A ton of granite dredgings has been brought up from 50 locations along Aves Ridge. Although scientists aboard the vessel didnít want to get too deep in speculation about Atlantis, they would say that such dredgings had never before been recovered from open ocean depths. They called the discovery one of major worldwide significance. More analysis of the dredgings will now be made at Lamont-Doherty Labs- radioactive dating techniques and other tests. Ocean Science News, 3/14/69

The Pyramids of Rock Lake, By Leslie M. Young 1970 begins

Also Scandinavian Miscellany, By E. Sykes ( brief summary) 1970 ends

Please note a lot of information on Rock Lake Wisconsin Pyramid can be found at http:\\ancientamerican.com

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