The late Mrs. Whishaw held a opinion in her book; "Atlantis in
Andalucia", London, 1930, that in the days of far off Atlantis, the copper
ore from the mines of Ro Tinto was shipped to the Motherland from the Port of
Niebla on that river. She also considered that the use of the ores from that
area initiated the pre-bronze age.
"Recent investigations suggest to me that orichalcum, that now
unknown metal was used to cover the exterior surface of the great temple of Atlantis, as mentioned by Plato, may
have been shinning sheets of brass."
The term orichalcum meant mountain brass, and may well have been
applied to a whole series of metals of varying color, ranging from bright red
to palest yellow.
"In essence the tale of the City of Brass is of an expedition to the Cyrenian
desert in search of a fabled city of the dead, packed with treasure."
The stories about City of Brass
include: The Arabian Nights, who traded and fought with the Cathay, Indies, the
Middle east, and Lybia which is like the voyages of Hakluyt, London, 1589-1600. "After hearing the
recital of a desert dweller whose grandfather actually saw the city, the party
leave on their travels. About half-way, they find an equestrian statue in the
sands, which when cleared of obstruction swings round on a pivot and points in
the direction of the city. This statue recalls on the one hand the swing
figures on the chariot of Wang Ti, the legendary Emperor of China which always
pointed south, and also the equestrian statue found on the Island of Corvo in
the Azores, by the Portuguese discoverers in the 15th Century, which
was broken up for shipment to Lisbon and never seen again. The city when
sighted, proved to have two towers covered with sheets of shinning Andalusian
brass or copper, which was said to be equal to gold in value. After climbing
the walls which were of black marble, the leader of the expedition found yet
another brass equestrian statue, which actuated the mechanism opening the
gates. Inside there was a staircase of different colored marbles, recalling
that at Tiahuanaco." (Bellamy, H. S.
'Built before the Flood, London, 1946)
"The city was found to be tenanted solely by the shriveled bodies
of the dead, and by the mummy bodies of the Queen and her court. This story
links with the expeditions of Count de Prorok ('Mysteries Sahara'-1, and 'In
quest of Lost Worlds'-2), who sought the palace of Queen Tin Hanan
of Atlantis, and also with the Queen Antinea of the romance by Benoit."
"Burton ('The Thousand and One Nights, 1885-1888, vol V. pages 1
to 36) considered this story to be related to that of Many Columned Iram, but I
do not share this opinion as Iram is linked with the Tower of Babel and with
the foundations of Semitic Myth and its relationship to Atlantis is very
distant." About 1,300 years ago a tribe migrated from the Sahara across
Africa to the Ife Country of Nigeria.
"Frobenius (Kniturgeschichte Afrikas, Zurich, 1933)
reports that with them they brought memories of a temple of brass in
their ancestral city, and built to their divine ruler a huge temple of Brass
with stables to hold ten thousand horses. This temple was in existence until
recent times, while the tribe also worshipped a Posidonean god."
"Here we have a trail leading from Rio Tinto Copper mines,
through Atlantis to North Africa, and from there to Nigeria a journey lasting
some twelve thousand years but always carrying with it proof of the Atlantean
civilization and culture."