1966 begins

The Caribbean, By Egerton Sykes 1966

For years I have been endeavoring to persuade people of the need for the exploration in the Caribbean area, as it has always seemed to me that if we could manage to establish a partial bridge over the gap separating the beginnings of culture in central America in the BC 300 and the establishment of the Maya Calendar some 8,500 years earlier, we should have gone a long way towards producing concrete evidence of the existence of Atlantean Culture which in its death throes gave birth to several flourishing cultures including those which existed in Mexico until the arrival of the Spaniards. The problem is rendered more interesting by the fact that many nations of the Old World managed to reach America in the distant past and of them the great majority landed in the Caribbean area. The traces of their passage are usually confided geographical names, occasionally artifacts, plus memories of myth and legend. Since the end of the second world war there has been a quickening of interest in the possibilities of the Caribbean and the news that Dr. valentine of Miami is to undertake fresh research work this year has impelled me to dig in my records and see exactly what has occurred in the last twenty years and to take note of anything which might facilitate current research. The key factor is the realization that the Maya who arrived on the mainland complete with a knowledge of writing, of mathematics, of astronomy, of architecture, of medicine, and with a calendrical system which was more accurate than that used in Europe until the 18th century. The usual assumption that they had picked up in a hundred years or less the knowledge which it took the western world two thousand or more years to acquire seems to me to be unrelated either to historical precedent or to common sense. The Cause

To start the ball rolling I propose to quote the two most disputed statements as to the Caribbean aspect of the catastrophe, those of Le Plongeon and Paul Schliemann . Le Plongeon’s translation from the Troano Codex, now in Madrid, which is given below contains what may be the first use of the term "Mu", since the hypothetical continent of Lemuria was concieved by the Sclater Brothers in 1889, although Blavatskaya wrote of Lemuria in her "Secret Doctrine" about the same time, the abbreviation was that of Le Plongeon, although it may have occurred in the process of translation. "In the year Okan, on 11 Mulac, in the month Zac, there occurred terrific earthquakes which continued without interruption until 13 Chuen. The country of the Hills of Mud, The Land of Mu, was sacrificed. Being twice upheaved it disappeared during the night, being continually shaken by fires of the under earth. Being confined these caused the land to sink and to rise several times and in various places. At least the surface gave way, and then ten countries were torn asunder and were scattered. They sank with their 64 million of inhabitants eight thousand years before this book was written."

Le Plongeon and his wife Alice spent their lives investigating the antiquities of Mexico and although many of their readings are disputed, in the absence of any satisfactory alternative, there can be no possible doubt about their integrity and sincerity. His translation bears a considerable likeness to that of Brasseur de Bourbours many years earlier. Paul Schliemann flashed into the sky like a meteor in 1912 with his story of the loss of Atlantis, which was to have been followed by an extensive thesis on that subject. Unfortunately young Schliemann became involved with the preparations for the First World War in which he was to die in the service of the Fatherland. His widow later married a certain Tsaldaris, later to become Premier of Greece and a very well known statesman. In spite of many efforts I have never managed to extract any documentation from this source, although I understand that all Schliemann’s papers are still in the bank vault in Athens. Practically everybody who was concerned with the publication of the story in the Hearst Press, is now dead and the prospects of finding out what actually happened are depressingly small. Here is his account of the Atlantis disaster which has been quoted, usually erroneously, by many enthusiasts since his publication.

"When the star Bal fell on the place where there is now only sea and sky, the Seven Cities with their Golden Gates and their Transparent Temples quivered and shook like the leaves of a tree in a storm. And, behold, a flood of fire and smoke arose from the palaces. Agony and the cries of the multitude filled the air. And the wise Mu, the hieratic of Ra-Mu, arose and said to them: "Did I not predict all this?" And the women and the men in their precious stones and shinning garments lamented: "Mu, save us’. And Mu replied: ‘You shall die together with your slaves and your riches, and from your ashes shall arise new nations. If they forget that they are superior not because of what they put on but of what they put out, the same lot will befall them’. Flame and Smoke choked the words of Mu. The land and its inhabitants were torn to pieces and swallowed by the depths within a few moments."

There is also a similar story of a cosmic disaster in the Book of Chilam Balam a translation of which is given below:

"During the eighth Ahau the Katouns and the Ahaus were changed." This occurred after the destruction of the Itzae Culture by the nahoah invaders and the subsequent marked changes made in the religious and astronomical codes. It was then that the sun worship which had reigned from time immemorial began to be taken over by a lunar cult. (Probably as the result of some cosmic catastrophe.)

"During one of the cycles of the Maya Calendar the Red spirit of the earth came out to attack the Thirteen Gods who watched over the Maya peoples but the unexpected occurred. The cosmic group of the Nine Gods attacked the Thirteen gods and defeated them. There were frightful rains, cinders dropped from the air, the earth quaked, the rocks split, the trees were struck down. The Great Serpent, symbol of life and light for the Maya vanished from the sky. The Men perished in great numbers and their souls rose to the thirteenth Heaven to rejoin the gods. The earth was flooded and the sky fell on the earth. The Bacabs destroyed all." Dr. N. Th. Zhirov quotes the German writer Otto Muck saying that the Atlantis disaster happened following the plunge of ‘Planetoid A’ into the sea near Charleston the resulting earth tremors causing the so called Carolina Bays. The theories of Muck appear to have been founded on those of F. A. Moulton and W. Schriever in 1932, and of W. F. Prouty 1952. Muck considered that the planetoid struck at speeds of 20 klm per second, and that the event occurred on the 5th June 8,489 BC. The date does not correspond with that of Professor Filippoff the French astronomer who fixed it at 7,256 BC, being the time when the Vernal Equinox passed near Epsilon Canceri. Hinzpeter gives the same date as Muck and mentions Robert Henseling found that the Chinese Annals gave a similar date. Professor M. Kamienski of Cracow gives a date wither of BC 9546 or BC 9540, and considers that the main cause was the falling off of a portion of halley’s Comet into the Gulf of Mexico. Professor N. Boneff of Sofia, puts the cause as being an asteroid, presumably in the same region. Allan H. Kelso de Montogny considers that the Little Antilles are the Eastern Arc of the impact crater. Alexis Tolstoi, the Russian author, gives a graphic picture of the disaster. Unfortunately his book has not been translated into English. "The earth shook, and suddenly, with gigantic wave coming from the Boreal regions, the Ocean rose, with a sky colored ash gray, and swept the surface of the continent. But, nevertheless, sheltered by the cyclopean walls of the capital city, at the summit of a step pyramid embellished with golden plates, the Mazaritic War Lords of Atlantis, took off across the advancing ocean, through the cinders and the flaming fires towards safety, while behind them, after three sharp shocks had been felt, the City of the Golden Gates sank beneath the waves." The Russian poet George V. Golokhvastoff in his "Fall of Atlantis" a work on the scale of Verdegauer’sAtlantida", gave a vivid description of the disaster and the causes leading to it.. Thanks to Mr. H. Eichner of Los Angeles I have a magnificent set of illustrations to this work done by Andrew Avinoff of Pittsburg in 1944. Of the actual book itself I have no trace, it was probably published in Paris between the two wars. Hugh Soar produced a map showing 78 of the more important disaster myths of the worlds. Of these less than ten were in the Caribbean, including floods both hot and cold, fire myths, an Ark myth, and a tower myth. All the above stories indicate that at some time there was a great cosmic disaster which effected the Caribbean area. Whether it was a giant meteor, an asteroid, a portion of a comet, the capture of a moon as visualized by Hoerbiger, or even an errant star as assumed by Winans, the result would have been much the same.The extract from the Book of Chilam Balam gives a hint that the disaster may have taken place in the previous Maya Calendar round to that which began in 8500 BC or so. In that case the discrepancy in the dates would be quite in order".  

The Caribbean, By E. Sykes Part II or The Historical-Archaeological Background





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