1967 cont.

Evidence of the Existence of an Atlantean Culture, Egerton Sykes c. 1967

It was Donnelly who first pointed out the resemblance's between certain cultural manifestations on both sides of the Atlantic as evidence of the existence of a cultural bridge between them.

To begin with there is the question of the pyramids. When the idea was first mooted it was not realized that the typical smooth appearance of the Great Pyramid of Egypt was a fairly recent idea, the original pyramids were all step pyramids, presumably with ramps leading from one stage to another so that ceremonies could be held outside of them. This was certainly the case with the great Ziggurat at Babylon, The Tower of Babel, the remains of which are to be seen today. The story of the confusion of languages here may have arisen from the large members of prisoners of war who were employed on the construction of work, coming from all parts of the Middle East and having no common tongue. It was originally suggested that there was no resemblance between the pyramids of Egypt and those of Mexico, in that the Egyptian ones all had interior chambers and the Mexican ones none. However, recent archaeological research, has shown that all the American ones have interior chambers, some of considerable size. The main difference lies in the fact that the African ones have entrances at the sides and the American ones entrances at the top down shafts. The Babylonian examples did not survive as, owing to the almost complete lack of hard materials for building in Babylonia, they had to be made of burnt clay bricks which eventually succumbed to the destructive power of the elements. The reason for the pyramids seems to be the erection of buildings which were supposedly high enough to survive the Deluge, if it came again. The story of the Siriadic Columns put up by Suria, a pre-diluvian ruler, one of brick and one of stone, containing in them the knowledge of the past, and in the hope that at least one would survive, seems to be related to the building of these pyramids. Perhaps one day we shall discover something of real interest in them, so far every interior opening that has been discovered had already been looted by robbers many years ago. An American University team is now working on the Great Pyramid with cosmic ray counters, in the endeavor to discover undiscovered chambers within it. To my mind they are looking in the wrong place, as I think that anything of interest would be below where they are working but that is a matter for discussion next year when they have finished their tests. One of the geological features of the catastrophe was the widening and intensification of the Great Rift. At Baalbek, in the Great Temple, they used to hold an annual ceremony of pouring sea water brought with difficulty from the coast 30 miles away, into a cleft of the Northern End of the Rift, to commemorate the fact that the waters of the Deluge finally ran away through this crack in the upper mantle of the earth. Although there is an arched window from Tiahuanaco there seems no evidence that this early culture either knew of it nor employed it as a constructional feature. However the architectural level of these rude stone buildings was extremely high, in that the cutting of the stones to fit was done with the greatest care so that they would hold together without mortar, in fact after all these years it is still a matter of the greatest difficulty to get even a knife blade between the two stones. It is tempting to assume that astronomy was one of the sciences generated from Atlantis, but here we are faced with the fact that the New World Astronomers were far ahead of the Old World ones. For example in Mexico Transits of Venus were recorded which seems to have been practically unknown in the Near East. In the same way the various Mexican calendrical systems, which differed in details, while being basically the same, were accurate as far back as we can trace, whilst the European systems were very much out of kilter until 1752 when the famous adjustment of 12 days was made in Britain. It is generally assumed that the ancient Egyptians had considerable knowledge of astronomy, but unfortunately, no astronomical papyri have come down to us. A communication received this morning suggests that the Babylonians must have had a Stonehenge to calculate eclipses. Another custom that appears to have come down to the world from the Atlantis culture is that of the couvade. This is usually marked by the male parent of a child going into ritual taboo for a month or six weeks after the birth of a child. The custom was mainly restricted to important families. The reason for it may be one of sympathetic magic, in that if the father of the child has an injury before the baby is weaned it may reflect itself in the child. The custom is widespread on both sides of the Atlantic, and still exists, a case was reported from the Bordeaux area about 1951. Linked with this are circumcision and the ritual sacrifice of the first born which cover roughly the same area. This is tied up with the dedication of the first born male to the church, and the ritual sacrifice of circumcision being accepted as a substitute for this. As a matter of interest there is not a public building dating back to the Old Testament times, in the Near or middle east, where small children were not being sacrificed and their bodies put under each corner stones, presumably to give life and sanctity to the structure. The same system applied to Meso America."

(Webmaster note- As of recently they found Peruvian Inca or Mocha mummies buried on a mountain top (pyramid substitute) indicating sacrifice to the four corners of the world with children, this is a common practice in both old and new world.)

"Then we have the custom of ritual cranial deformation, found through out Meso America, Europe, Africa. As the skull of a newly born infant is soft and pliable, it is possible to alter the shape without causing any exceptional serious damage. The process usually consisted in linking two boards with a leather hinge, placing the newly born child on its back on one and strapping down the other, thereby making a species of the nut cracker. If the bandage is tightened every day for a couple of months the skull shape is completely changed. In British Columbia the Chinooks were known as the Flat Head Indians because of this. A similar type of deformation was employed extensively in Mexico, and to judge from the portraits also in Egypt. Nowadays it is current in the Sudan and further south, although here bandages are more usual than the wood frames. A typical example of this skull, but possibly produced by birth, is shown in the Head of Nefertiti, the most beautiful women of early antiquity, where the nose line contained unbroken right up to the top of the skull. It is of interest to note that it is from people such as this that one gets the expression "to look down on someone" owing to the shape of their heads they had to hold them at an angle which involved looking down wards instead of straight at a person."

Webmasters note- A recent author pointed out about the theory of the squint eye cult to be able to look at something with a kind of pseudo cross eye glare to see into its mysteries in writing, nature, or on stone. I believe I maybe the first to point out that if the case of the squint eyes cult , that the cranial deformation not only makes you cross eyes if you are forced to look to low but also to squint from the sun which eyes set back would force you to shut the glare out from. The other advantage is if this is only the high society that had to have this ritual done its purpose was not originally for high society, but of astronomers for they would have to spend many hours staring into the sky which a slanted back forehead would help the neck in balance. July 6th 2002 c.

"The reason for this deformation lies in the fact, for some reason unknown to us, this shape of skull was fairly usual among the people of Atlantis, and that for social reasons mothers discovered that it was possible to obtain this shape by artificial means. There must be tens of thousands of artificially deformed skulls in museums all over the world, there were some magnificent ones in the Museum of the royal college of Surgeons before it was bombed during the war. Mummification was usual on both sides of the Atlantic and even spread as far south as Peru. The associate cult of preserving the entrails in jars dedicated to the gods of the four points of the compass was usual both in Egypt and Mexico. These canopic jars seem to go a long way back in history, but only seem to have occurred in the Atlantis culture perimeter. The first ball games played in courts evolved during this culture period. The Maya and Aztec ball game, resembling a combination of Royal Tennis with a dedans and fives, of which the present day direct descendants is pelota played by the Basques, was one of the first balls made of rubber. That is shown on both sides of the Atlantic is shown by the fact that Royal tennis, of which mention is made in Shakespeare's 'Henry the V', was known and played in Europe hundreds of years before Columbus reached America. It probably came from the Basques, whose traditions of Atlantis were crystallized into Verdegauers "Atlantida". This was printed about a century ago and has recently been made the subject of an Opera.

The Sahara Inland Sea, By Egerton Sykes 1967 ends

"That the Sahara desert was once an inland sea of considerable dimensions is not only confirmed by classical references but also by the fact that underlying most of it there is a layer of brackish water ranging from 200 to 500 feet under the soil. The various Oases presumably are established in spots where the depth is down to some 50 feet, sufficient for plant life to survive. The climatic change seems to have occurred fairly recently, say between BC 5000, as the classics contain numerous references to its existence. To Theopompus and Aelian it was the Meropic Sea, on the borders of which lived the Meropidae. Oddly enough the hero of the deluge Legend of the island of Cos was named Merope, but the nature of the link is uncertain. According to Diodorus Silicus there was at least one port on this sea coast, it was named Nysa and was said to be the birthplace of Dionysius, the son of Zeus and Semele." (Webmaster note- and a kind of Jesus of the Greeks note the Dead Sea comparison later in history?) "The Cerne mentioned by Hanno seems to have been the Atlantic port, lying north of Lixus (Webmaster note- The Rabbit in Basque) and the Cheretes Rivers, it was also mentioned by Festus Avenius in his Ora Maritima. We are faced with great difficulty in identifying either of these two cities, as also the only other one known to us, the City of Brass, the story of which is in the 1001 Nights, nos. 566 to 578, where it states that it was abandoned because of the lack of water, which indicates that it had been built before the climatic changes. Leaving out the pornography, which accounts for slightly over half the text, there is quite a lot of valuable historical material in the Arabian Nights, Burton's translation is the best but rather turgid; Lane's is also quite good. Byron de Prorok had planned an expedition in 1935, to complete his long series of journeys across North Africa and was to have been accompanied by a friend of mine Jean Gattefosse, another expert on the region, who died several years ago. Unfortunately the advent of the Italian War with Abyssinia upset all the plans, the yacht that was to have been used ended up as a hospital ship, and by 1947 not only the political situation but also the people concerned had so changed that further effort was impossible. Prorok will be remembered as the man who brought the mummy Queen Tin Aten or Antinea of the Hoggar to Britian about 1932, when I saw it on exhibition in London. He died in 1953 but his wife and his two daughters Maureen and Denise are still alive, as far as I know and living somewhere in Western Europe. They probably have all the missing data. The mummy is stated to be in the museum at Fez. Once the disturbed and extremely muddy waters of Arab nationalism settle it may be possible for the potential sites to be investigated afresh. In the meantime there is speculation about the people who lived on the borders of the Meropic Sea and their relationship to the earliest Mediterranean cultures. They were white skinned and not of Semetic Stock, as witness their descendents today, but that is about as far as one can go with safty. Among the authorities who should be consulted are- E.F. Berlioux, Ibn Khaldoun, E. Roudaire, Dr. Rouire, and either Burton or Lane for the Arabian Nights. Somewhere in the region lies concealed one of the major keys to the history of the Middle Sea.

E.S. 1967 ends.

In 1968 Lemuria was looked into more than any of other years for the Journal with a few exceptions, Sykes was very dubious of Churchward and almost viewed him as part a charlatan. This however changed over time with strange discoveries in the Peru and South America areas that Sykes felt may not be a direct imprint of Atlantis alone. Sykes reviewed more material on the Peru culture's then he really did of the Maya because in most cases he felt Maya were in a culture sense to recent. So, he does mention the Toltecs more times then the Maya except in Calendar sources, which he felt they borrowed from Toltec or from Mexico. In a chronological sense today he is still about right. The Lemuria question was not however vague to him he had many books on the subject and made a special booklet called Lemuria Reconsidered and a very painstaking work at that which made Churchward work look like child's play. In these Journals I will not put on line Lemuria information for purposes of space, since most of the site is dedicated to Atlantis material. So for 1968 I begin with:

Atlantis in Peru, by Egerton Sykes and Karola Seibert 1968 c.



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